Type 38 Vs Type 99: Comparing Japanese Military Rifles

The Type 38 and Type 99 are both Japanese bolt-action rifles, with the former being introduced in 1905 and the latter in 1939. They were used by the Imperial Japanese Army and saw action during World War II.

The Type 38 and Type 99 are classic Japanese bolt-action rifles, each with its historical significance and unique features. Both played vital roles in the Imperial Japanese Army’s weaponry during the World War II era. Understanding the differences between these two rifles can provide valuable insights for collectors, historians, and enthusiasts keen on military firearms.

In this detailed comparison, we will delve into the distinct characteristics, performance, and historical context of the Type 38 and Type 99 rifles, shedding light on their design, functionality, and impact on wartime operations. Whether for research or interest in military history, examining these rifles offers a deeper understanding of their place in the annals of firearm development and their relevance in the context of global conflicts.

Type 38 Rifle

Type 38 vs Type 99 Rifles

The Type 38 rifle, also known as the Arisaka Type 38, was the standard bolt-action rifle of the Imperial Japanese Army during World War I and World War II. This highly functional and reliable rifle has its own unique features that set it apart from the Type 99. Let’s explore the key aspects and functionalities of the Type 38 rifle.


The Type 38 rifle, introduced in 1905, was designed by Colonel Nariakira Arisaka in the 38th year of the Meiji period. This rifle was chambered in the 6.5×50mm Arisaka cartridge and became the primary weapon of Japanese infantry soldiers. Featuring a five-round internal magazine, the Type 38 rifle had a distinctive anti-aircraft rear sight and a quick detachable bayonet.


The Type 38 rifle was equipped with adjustable iron sights, including a ladder-type rear sight with settings for distances up to 2,000 meters. The rifle’s sight picture and accuracy were highly valued by Japanese soldiers, contributing to its effectiveness in combat situations.

Nail Bomb Butt Plate

One of the unique features of the Type 38 rifle was the nail bomb butt plate attached to the stock. This innovative design allowed soldiers to easily create makeshift explosive devices to fend off enemy attacks, showcasing the rifle’s adaptability in various combat scenarios.

Type 99 Rifle

The Type 99 Rifle:


The Type 99 rifle, also known as the Type 99 Arisaka, was the standard-issue bolt-action rifle of the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II. It replaced the earlier Type 38 rifle and was designed to be more efficient and cost-effective in production. The Type 99 was renowned for its reliability and robustness, making it a formidable weapon on the battlefield.

Things To Look For

When considering the Type 99 rifle, there are several key features to pay attention to. These include the condition of the barrel, the presence of any matching serial numbers, the quality of the stock, and the overall functionality of the rifle. Additionally, it’s essential to inspect the rifle for any signs of modification or damage, as this could affect its performance and value.

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Comparison Of Type 38 And Type 99

When it comes to Japanese military rifles, the Type 38 and Type 99 are two iconic models that have played significant roles in history. Both of these rifles have their own strengths and features that set them apart. In this article, we will compare the Type 38 and Type 99 in terms of their strength and durability, performance, and price.

Strength And Durability

The Type 38 rifle is known for its exceptional strength and durability. With its robust construction and high-quality materials, this rifle has proven itself in countless battles. The bolt action mechanism provides excellent reliability, ensuring smooth and consistent cycling. Moreover, the Type 38’s overall design is built to withstand harsh conditions, making it a trusted companion for soldiers in the field.

On the other hand, the Type 99 rifle also boasts impressive strength and durability. Its sturdy build and reinforced components make it a reliable choice for military use. The Type 99’s receiver and barrel are constructed with durable steel, capable of withstanding heavy use over time. Additionally, the rifle’s stock is designed to withstand the rigors of combat, offering stability and durability even in the most demanding situations.


When it comes to performance, both the Type 38 and Type 99 rifles exhibit impressive accuracy and range. The Type 38’s long barrel and precise rifling contribute to its exceptional accuracy, making it a preferred choice for long-distance engagements. This rifle also offers consistent muzzle velocity, ensuring reliable shot placement.

The Type 99, on the other hand, is known for its improved performance compared to its predecessor. It features a stronger cartridge, providing increased muzzle velocity and stopping power. The rifle’s adjustable sights allow for accurate aiming at various distances, while its smooth bolt action ensures quick and efficient cycling, enhancing overall performance.


When considering the price, the Type 38 rifle is generally more affordable compared to the Type 99. This price difference can be attributed to several factors, including the rarity of the Type 38 due to its earlier production years and the modifications made to the Type 99 to improve its performance and features. However, it’s important to note that the exact prices may vary depending on the condition, rarity, and market demand.

Overall, both the Type 38 and Type 99 rifles have their own unique strengths and qualities. Whether you prioritize strength and durability, performance, or price, there is a Japanese military rifle that suits your needs.

Frequently Asked Questions For Type 38 Vs Type 99

What Is The Difference Between Type 38 And Type 99 Rising Storm?

The Type 38 and Type 99 are both Japanese military rifles. The main difference is that the Type 38 has a shorter length and was used during WWI, while the Type 99 is longer and was used during WWII.

What Is Type 99 Used For?

Type 99 is used as a Japanese military rifle. It is known for its strength and reliability.

Was The Type 99 A Good Rifle?

The Type 99 rifle was a strong and reliable weapon. It was highly regarded for its performance and durability.

How Many Type 99 Arisaka Were Made?

The total number of Type 99 Arisaka produced is estimated at around 3 million units.


The Type 38 and Type 99 rifles have their own unique features and characteristics, making them distinct from each other. From the sights to the nail bomb butt plate, each rifle has its own advantages. When it comes to choosing between the two, it is important to consider your specific needs and preferences.

Whether it’s the Type 38 or the Type 99, both rifles have a place in the world of Japanese military rifles. Make sure to look for key aspects that meet your requirements and fit your budget. Happy shooting!

Minhajul Islam

Minhajul Islam is a passionate technology writer and the founder of DifferencePlanet. He is dedicated to exploring the latest advancements in the tech industry and sharing his insights with the world. With a background in computer science and a keen interest in smart homes, Minhajul has written numerous articles on a wide range of tech topics. He believes that technology has the power to transform the way we live, work, and interact with the world around us, and is always on the lookout for the next big thing.

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